Nokia must halve the emissions produced by its own operations and products by 2030 as part of more ambitious climate targets.
The Finnish telecommunications supplier first committed to achieving “ science-based targets (SBT) ”, targets authenticated and validated by an independent body, in 2017 and had reached 90% in 2019.
However, these original SBTs were defined according to a 2 ° C global warming scenario while the new SBTs assume a limit of 1.5 ° and are based on data from 2019.
Nokia plans to achieve its goals through more efficient product design, hardware and software upgrades, and by reducing the carbon footprint of its logistics, assembly and supply chain operations.
“We have led the way in reducing emissions from our own operations and helping our customers to do the same by continuously innovating to make our products more energy efficient in recent years,” said Pekka Lundmark, CEO of Nokia.
“But climate change is a race against time. These new, more rigorous, scientifically benchmarked climate targets mean we’ll go further and faster to reduce our carbon footprint and ensure that sustainability is at the heart of the design of our products and the smart solutions we deliver.
The products used represent the largest share of the company’s carbon footprint, so a large part of the new targets involve measures to improve their efficiency.
Nokia has already designed chipsets that cut power consumption by two-thirds and deployed AI capable of shutting down parts of the radio network during times of low demand. The company was also the first supplier to provide a 5G base station with liquid cooling that reduces cooling system consumption by up to 90% and CO2 emissions by 80%.
These measures are particularly important in the era of 5G as operators will have to densify their networks with more base stations and micro-infrastructures such as small cells. However, this densification will increase energy consumption.
Nokia has delivered zero-emission products to more than 150 customers and noted that in 2019 base stations that had been upgraded used 46% less power than sites that had not been upgraded.